How to move beyond small talk: a step-by-step guide

How to move beyond small talk: a step-by-step guide

Image in Creative Commons

Have you ever found yourself at an event stuck answering boring questions like “what do you do?” or “where are you from?” and wondering what to talk about next?

I call this the Small Talk Trap.

At first, everything seems to be going well, but after a few basic questions the conversation stalls. Due to my introversion, I often found myself talking to extroverts and stuck in the Small Talk Trap. As a result, my conversations would fizzle. Eventually, the other person would say something like, “Okay… nice to meet you…” while walking away.

It took me a lot of reading and some uncomfortable experimentation to find a way out of the Small Talk Trap. Today, I want to share the simple system I use to get to an interesting conversation.

The necessity of small talk

Often, as introverts, extroverts approach us wanting to make conversation. For introverts, the challenge is getting beyond the small talk and into a deep conversation where our introversion (good questions, thoughtfulness, curiosity) can shine.

On occasion, my readers have asked me, “Do I need to engage in small talk at all? Why can’t I just skip it and talk about more interesting topics?”

Small talk is an essential part of human interaction. It helps us size up the other person, build rapport, and begin to trust each other.

In practice, small talk is like a warm-up for conversation. The good news is it doesn’t have to last long. Less than five minutes is enough time to make introductions and get the basics out of the way. Then, both parties will feel comfortable going deep.

So, if small talk is necessary, how do you do it well?

Small talk essentials

Small talk doesn’t have to last long, but it’s an important part of the conversation. Here’s a quick guide to small talk in three simple steps:

First, if you don’t know the person, introduce yourself – Just a simple “Hi, I’m Amy” is a good way to start.

Then, ask how the person is feeling – At first, just ask “How are you?” or “Doing okay today?” These common courtesies are important because they signal that you understand social rules and care about the person.

Finally, ask why the person is at the event/party/etc – This is an easy way to find common ground. Try “How do you know [insert host’s name]?” or “Is this your first time coming to [insert event name]?” Based on the answer, you can ask more questions about the relationship with the host or what brought them to the event.

And that’s it. No need to talk about the weather or current events, and now you can start the transition to an interesting conversation…

What do I talk about next?

Many introverts worry about not knowing what to talk about. When I work with my readers, they want the secret to keeping a conversation going. But most of the time, they’re surprised by my answer…

The secret is not to talk more. It’s to talk less.


Image in Creative Commons

Yes, that’s right. If you want to keep a conversation going as an introvert, you need to talk less.

We all know that extrovert who takes over a conversation and can keep telling stories for as long as necessary. As a result, a lot of introverts feel like that’s the only way to keep a conversation going. As an introvert, if you try to keep a conversation up based on your own talking, you’re bound for a tough time.

So what’s the alternative?

Going deep with good questions

Most of all, it starts with good questions.

To begin, a simple “How is your day so far?” can actually deepen a conversation quite nicely. However, notice the slight change from “How are you?” Almost always, people will respond with “good” or “fine” if you ask “How are you?”

Instead, asking “How is your day so far?” begs an explanation. What made your day good? Additionally, it allows the person to think and possibly tell you their day is not good. Now we’re getting somewhere.

A slight rewording of your questions can make a huge difference in conversation quality. For example:

  • “How are you” >> “How’s your day so far?”
  • “What do you do?” >> “What do you like to do?” or “What are you working on?”
  • “Where are you from?” >> “Where did you grow up?” (← This one is subtle, can you spot why it works?)

Simple changes to your questions do two key things:

  1. They interrupt the lazy conversation patterns we all have
  2. They encourage the person to think before answering

Follow up with more questions

Once you’ve used one of these alternative questions, you now have opportunities for follow-up. First, consider this exchange…

  • “How is your day so far?”
  • “It’s going great.”
  • “That’s good! What made it such a good day?”
  • “Well, this morning I…”

I know, I know. That exchange sounds so cheesy.

Believe me, though, I have used those exact questions, almost word for word, countless times. Almost inevitably, I get to an interesting conversation topic based off of how well the person’s day is going. Before you write this technique off, try it.

Most of all, in every sentence your conversation partner says, you should listen for something you can ask a question about.

As you’re listening, don’t worry about what you’re going to talk about next. Instead, think about what questions you can ask. It’s simple advice, but this fundamental shift in approach – from talking to asking – will transform your conversations. A general rule of thumb I like to use is I should be talking only 20% of any conversation. Because of your questions, the person will feel interesting and important.

If you’re asking questions all the time, the conversation could start to feel like an interrogation. Instead, try using “It must have been hard/scary/exciting/etc to do x.” A sentence like this will probably get followed up with more information. Then, you can return to asking questions.

How to make the person comfortable


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Finally, let’s talk about body language. You want the other person to feel comfortable talking and sharing with you. Body language is subtle, but it has a huge impact on how we feel about another person.

With that in mind, I encourage you to try mirroring. It’s based on the psychology of empathy, and your conversation partner is more likely to feel like you understand and are a good listener if you use it. Here’s how:

  • If the person makes a gesture, you make a similar gesture a few seconds later
  • Whatever posture they adopt, you adopt a similar posture
  • If they’re smiling, you smile; same for frowning and other faces
  • Watch their eyebrows and their eye crinkles and mirror those

At first, it will feel unnatural. You may wonder if the other person is going to notice. Don’t worry, I’ve never had someone notice my mirroring. As long as you don’t over-exaggerate the gestures and mimicry, nobody will notice

Most importantly, active listening comes first. If you focus too much on mirroring, you won’t have content for your follow-up questions/statements.

Other things to keep in mind

One final word on going deep: You’ll still have to talk a little bit.

In my conversations, I aim to only be talking 20% of the time. That’s it. During those times, I try to be as honest and genuine as possible.

Almost always, I’ve found that people respond well to honesty and vulnerability. And those that don’t, you didn’t want to spend time with anyway. After you say a sentence or two, follow up with another question to get the other person talking again.

If you follow these steps, you’ll find the transition between small talk and deep conversation becomes much easier. You’ll have the tools – the good questions – to get you past the Small Talk Trap. With practice, you’ll be closer to building authentic relationships with the people you meet.

What about you? Have you had success with any of these techniques in the past? Maybe you have some techniques of your own? I’d love to hear your experiences.

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About guestauthor


  1. Hi everyone! (Thanks to Patricia for running my guest post!) I’ll be checking the comments over the next few days to answer any questions/comments. What’s your biggest challenge moving beyond small talk?

  2. Jeannette Paladino

    Yes, I have used this ice-breaker with someone I don’t know , “How did happen to come to this event?” You may find that you have a common interest that brought you to the event that will help you to transition to a more substantive conversation. The key is to ask questions that don’t ask for a “yes” or “no” response.

  3. Perry Rose says

    No, I don’t ask how their day went, and other such questions, because they will then ask me that, and I don’t want to talk about it (small talk).

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